Wednesday, January 06, 2016





 El Temazcal

Antiguo grabado azteca



The start of 2016 is advised to take a bath in a Temazcal to clean impurities from the skin, but above all with a spiritual sense, to remove the bad energy and acquiring new and renewed spiritual forces that invigorate the mind.

Este inicio del año 2016 se aconseja tomar un baño en un Temazcal para limpiar las impurezas de la piel, pero sobretodo con un sentido espiritual, a fin de eliminar las malas energías y adquirir nuevas y renovadas fuerzas espirituales que vigoricen el ánimo.

Ricardo Palma Herrera.



Wednesday, July 29, 2015






PLUTO, PLUTÓN Y EL HADES






Ahora que tan recientemente la sonda espacial, New Horizonz se acercó al planeta Plutón y al que los científicos decidieron quitarle la categoría de planeta y clasificarlo en una escala menor debido a sus características, pareciese que en realidad se cumpliese una profecía mitológica al colocarlo en el plano de un inframundo planetario.

Para la mitología griega, Plutón es otro nombre del dios Hades, a quien por su parte Pluto, el dios de la Abundancia, enviaba a la gente rica que no sabía utilizar sus bienes y riquezas privándolos de la vista, convirtiéndolos en ciegos eternamente.

Plutón empero, Rey del Averno, gozaba de grandes riquezas, de ahí que se haya generado la confusión con Pluto, quien es el dios de la abundancia, y  ciertamente éste último, es decir, Pluto no es Hades ni el Rey del Averno.

Ahora bien, para la mitología romana, Plutón era considerado dios del inframundo y de las riquezas, de donde se puede afirmar que este dios romano fundió en un solo ser mitológico los dones de los dioses griegos Pluto y Plutón y es en él en quien incluso, la astrología moderna establece sus parámetros de influencia astral, caracterizado principalmente por una permanente lucha del poder, que se explica por la eterna órbita de su satélite mayor Caronte y el propio Plutón que se atraen recíprocamente, siendo el planeta regente del signo Escorpio.

Por su parte, Caronte el eterno rival en la lucha de poder con Plutón, para la mitología griega, es un barquero mítico cuyo trabajo era llevar a las almas navegando sobre los ríos del Hades y se le debía pagar un óbolo, por cuya razón tanto griegos, como romanos colocaban una moneda en la boca de sus muertos para que pudiesen ser transportados. Algunos expertos han teorizado en el sentido de que Caronte en realidad es un dios de origen etrusco, ya que dicho pueblo concebía a un dios con el nombre de Carún que también tenía tareas semejantes a las de Caronte.

Paradójico resulta entonces, que Caronte y Plutón fuesen rivales de poder cuando el primero era el transportador de almas al Averno y Hades, su rey, quien las recibía bajo un tácito dualismo de cooperación.


 RICARDO PALMA HERRERA.


Copyright por Ricardo Palma Herrera.

Friday, July 24, 2015

The Witchcraft and it´s Symbols, . . .Transmutation


 The Witchcraft and it’s Symbols

Transmutation




What symbols have to do with witchcraft? The reader will wonder immediately.
Well, the symbols are, in a first sense and according to the dictionary of the Spanish language, the elements or material objects that, by convention or association, are regarded representative of an entity, an idea, a certain condition. For example, the flag is a symbol of the country; a dove is a symbol of peace, and so on.

However, symbols can be integrated or be formed in various ways and therefore it's possible conceive an image like a symbol, an object, a text, an animal, a tree, a grass, a mineral, a star, water or any other  thing that connect disparate  issues  that only the mind can create in a conscious state and even in dreams, fantasies, immersed in religious or pagan beliefs and that have been created by the different peoples and cultures throughout the course of mankind, from life in caves until today. So, witchcraft is not without its symbols and the symbolism. Nevertheless, what is witchcraft?

By definition, witchcraft is a superstition and deceit that is commonly believed that witches practice and the sorcerer or witch are those superstitious people or deceptive of which are believed to have pact with the devil and have a set of magical or superstitious practices. The shaman, on the other hand, is a sorcerer from who supposed endowed with supernatural powers to heal the sick, guess, summoning spirits, and so forth, but it seems that between them, the difference is that the witch practices trickery, the shaman, magic white or good.

In witchcraft, the transmutation is a symbol "per se" result of the process of changing entities, acquiring the new entity the meaning of the symbolism to pretend represent. The transmutation is defined as the action and effect of transmute and transmutation, simply as convert.

 However, from an esoteric philosophical point of view, the transmutation has a transcendent dimension, but always remains the essence of being and is a symbol of changing psyche and coincident psychology of altered states of consciousness, as it called modern psychology.

It is the exchange of continuous change and that is its magic, like shamans, witches or geniuses.

It is a misleading mixture of the being with the converted and so all kinds of creatures can be symbolized, conceived only by the irrational psyche like Satan or gods, such as Vishnu or Krishna as they assumed different "personalities" or "forms".

One of the most notable features of the witchcraft is the symbolism of which is surrounded and each symbol has a meaning and sometimes is the result of the process of transmutation.

From a common view, that is, it considered the application of certain practices to an end either good for the patient or for worse, against third parties, is where such practices or trickery are potentially conceptualizer in the psyche of their existence or their effects and whether it is to do evil, witchcraft symbols may be detectable if they are known depending on the place, region, customs and popularity.







For example, it is very common in Mexico to use land cemetery that is already on sale in small bags labeled "Cemetery Land" and used, among many purposes pretended by this pseudo-science, primarily to dominate or to cause great evils anyone, ranging from ruin, nail tearing the family unit, diseases and so on. Its practice develops essentially filling a ragdoll with the land of cemetery that it is believed to have bad energies or parasitic or malignant astral entities.

It is labeled the ragdoll with the name of the person to whom it is addressed the spell and must be pierced it with three pins, one in the front, one in the abdomen and the last one at heart. Done this, it´s necessary await until at three in the morning, preferably on Tuesday waning moon and pronounce the incantantion: "You'll always be my slave and nothing can get away from me and only I can master to you"







As noted, the symbol of witchcraft is in our example, both the rag doll, as the land of cemetery that only by work of the irrational psyche it is able to represent some meaning and to work as intermediary between the evil and the ragdoll maker and to who represent. In other words, an energetic transmutation.



Ricardo Palma Herrera.

Tuesday, February 17, 2015

Poem by Ricardo Palma Herrera.

Author of the book " Las Plumas del Quetzal "


LOVE PROFOUND, LIGHT OF LOVE


You are my depth and my inspiration in the trip of the life; in this fantastic way that we are discovering at every instant.

Every step impulse ahead and towards to the unknown, mystical 
and mysterious of our walk in the Earth and of our infinite souls in the Cosmos that, as the stars in the sky, of existence without term, they travel with them own light shining perpetually in the universe and, this way is the love.

 You are my star in the sky, illuminating my life and my mind, 

removing towards your light and discover that I am like you, a 
small part of the Cosmos, but to the end, part of this quite wonderful one, that amazedly I see from the window of my soul, which intoxicated but knowing able to transcend physical boundaries, fly as a kite, leaving a wake full of joy and happiness to meet you among the stars and, holding hands in a platonic kiss of love, continue our journey, always united without fear, because we 
are our own light, our strength and our love.


       

RICARDO PALMA HERRERA.


Copyright by Ricardo Palma Herrera.

Tuesday, May 27, 2014

COATLICUE, COYOLXAUHQUI, HUITZILOPOCHTLI, MYTHS AND LEGENDS . . .




COATLICUE, COYOLXAUQUI Y HUITZILOPOCHTLI,
MITOS Y LEYENDAS





Antes de darle paso a nuestra narración, creemos conveniente hacer una breve, pero necesaria aclaración ya que hay muchas publicaciones de baja calidad literaria que incluyen artículos dedicados a este tema sin diferenciar los mitos de las leyendas o viceversa y es bueno conocer las diferencias.

Para poder hablar con fundamentos acerca de los mitos y las leyendas en general, debe partirse de la idea básica del significado de las palabras mito y leyenda. Esto acontece igualmente tratándose de los aztecas, de su cultura.

 En efecto, la palabra “mito” significa en su primera acepción, una narración maravillosa sin tiempo y basada en personajes heroicos o divinos y, en segundo término, un personaje literario o artístico que encarna o representa algún aspecto universal de la condición humana  o, bien, una historia ficticia.

 La leyenda es por su parte, una exposición de hechos más tradicionales o maravillosos que verdaderos o históricos, podríamos decirle, una cuasi historia.

Ambas palabras parecen tener significados parecidos, sin embargo podemos distinguir, que el mito tiene un carácter más divino o heroico que la leyenda, ya que ésta se arraiga más en la cultura del pueblo de donde proviene, es decir, en sus tradiciones y costumbres.

CLOATLICUE según el diccionario de la lengua Náhuatl, significa diosa de las flores que tenía un templo en México llamado YOPICO  y cuya fiesta se celebraba en el mes de tozoztontli  y también, como segunda acepción, sacerdotisa consagrada al culto del dios HUITZILOPOCHTLI .

Coatlicue y Huitzilopochtli son nombres que siempre irán unidos en la narración de los mitos de los aztecas. Este mito cuenta que en Coatepec ( Montaña de la Serpiente) cerca de Tula en el actual estado de Hidalgo vivía una mujer de nombre Coatlicue que era madre de lo 400 Sureños (Centzon Huitznáhua “Los cuatrocientos sureños”, estrellas meridionales, hijos de Coatlicue) y de una hermana de éstos, de nombre Coyolxauqui.

Que Coatlicue hacía penitencia barriendo y esa era su deber y una ocasión cuando barría cayó sobre ella una bola de plumas finas que recogió y guardó en su seno.
 Al cabo de su tarea buscó las plumas sin encontrarlas y así fue como quedó encinta de su hijo Huitzilopochtli.

 Esta situación provocó la ira de los 400 Sureños y de Coyolxauqui, pues creyeron que los deshonraba y liderados por Coyolxauqui decidieron darle muerte a su madre Coatlcue, lo cual impidió Huitzilopochtli, pues cuando ya venían a darle muerte, Coatlicue dio a luz al propio Huitzilopochtli, quien ataviado para la guerra dio muerte a todos los agresores, entre ellos a Coyolxauqui, a quien le cortó la cabeza que rodó hacia abajo por la Montaña de la Serpiente, sus manos y piernas y cuerpo quedaron desmembrados.

 Desde entonces, los mexicas honraron a Huitzilopochtli, lo adoraban, le hacían sacrificios y los recompensaba.

La ubicación del mítico cerro Coatepec, sagrado para los aztecas por ser el lugar donde nació Huitzilopochtli, en la geografía del Estado de Hidalgo, ha sido posible gracias a la evidencia arqueológica que coincide con las fuentes históricas prehispánicas y coloniales, así como las similitudes entre el mito y la geografía del Valle del Mezquital y algo verdaderamente sorprendente, es que estas investigaciones parecen haber encontrado que en el cerro sagrado de Coatepec o “ Montaña de las Serpientes” que ya era lugar sagrado de los Teotihuacanos, fue el lugar donde los Aztecas permanecieron durante su peregrinación poco antes de arribar a Tula.
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ENGLISH TEXT

COATLICUE, COYOLXAUQUI Y HUITZILOPOCHTLI,
MYTHS AND LEGENDS





Before giving way to our story, we should make a brief but necessary clarification as there are many low quality literary publications that include articles on this topic without differentiating myths and legends or vice versa and is good to know the differences.

To speak with basics about the myths and legends in general we should start from the basic idea of ​​the meaning of the words myth and legend.

This happens too in the case of the Aztecs, their culture. Indeed, the word "myth " means in the first sense , a wonderful story out of time and based on heroic or divine personages and , secondly, a literary or artistic character that embodies or represents some universal aspect of the human condition or , well , a fictional story .

 The legend for its part is an exhibition of more traditional or beautiful or true historical facts that we could tell , a quasi history.

Both words seem to have similar meanings, but can distinguish  that the myth has a divine or heroic character than the legend , because it is rooted more in the culture of the people came from, that is, in their traditions and customs.

CLOATLICUE according to the dictionary of the Nahuatl language, means goddess of flowers that had a temple in Mexico called Yopico and whose feast is celebrated in the month of Tozoztontli well as second meaning, priestess dedicated to the worship of the god HUITZILOPOCHTLI .

Huitzilopochtli and Coatlicue are names that will always be linked in the narrative of the myths of the Aztecs. This myth says that in Coatepec ( Snake Mountain ) near Tula in the state of Hidalgo lived a woman named Coatlicue who was the Southern 400 mother (Centzon Huitznahua  " The Four Hundred Southerners "  southern stars, children of Coatlicue ) and a sister of these, named Coyolxauqui .

 Coatlicue once was sweeping, as was her penance and her duty. One occasion when she swept, fell on her a ball that got fine feathers and put it in her breast. After homework searched without finding the feathers and that's how she became pregnant with her ​​son HUITZILOPOCHTLI.

This angered the Southern 400 and Coyolxauqui . She thought that was her misfortune and all his brothers and led by the same Coyolxauqui decided to kill them mother Coatlcue , which prevented Huitzilopochtli because when they came to put her to death , Coatlicue gave birth to Huitzilopochtli  who own arrayed for war killed all the attackers , including to Coyolxauqui , who cut off her head rolled down the Snake Mountain , her hands and legs and body were dismembered .

Since then, the Aztecs Huitzilopochtli honored, worshiped him, they made ​​sacrifices and rewarding them, the god Huitzilopochtli.

The location of the mythical Mount Coatepec, sacred to the Aztecs as the place where Huitzilopochtli was born, in the geography of the state of Hidalgo, has been possible thanks to the archaeological evidence that matches the pre-Hispanic and colonial historical sources , as well as, the similarities between myth and geography of the Valle del Mezquital and something truly amazing is that these investigations seem to have found it in the sacred hill of Coatepec  or " Mountain of Serpents " that had been already sacred to the Teotihuacan emplacement, was the place where the Aztecs remained during his pilgrimage shortly before arriving at Tula.

Great Aztec Temple. Here was found Coyolxauhqui.


Article by Ricardo Palma Herrera.

Historical Sources: Códice Florentino, Lib. III. Cap. I Traducción directa del náhuatl hecha por el Dr. Miguel León-Portilla


Florentine Codex, Lib. III. Chap. I Nahuatl I direct translation made ​​by Dr. Miguel León-Portilla

Thursday, April 10, 2014

GALERÍA GALLERY


G A  L L  E  R  Y


Contenido del Blog
Blog Content


1. Gallery

1.1 Prehispanic Mexican Origin of Peace Treaty

2. Temascalli, Prehispanic Steam Bath

3. El Día de Muertos / Day of the Dead

4. México y El Pulque/ Mexico and The Pulque 

5. Dawn of Aztec Splendor

6. Previous Comments on this Blog

7. The " Cleans" Mexican Indian Traditional Medicine

8. Metaphysical and Philosophical Meaning of Indigenous Mexican Languages


Knight Jaguar. Caballero Jaguar " Atigrado" del Carnaval de Palenque, representa un jaguar, animal cuya presencia fue definitiva en la cultura prehispánica de México. No es propiamente un carnaval, sino una celebración propia.

Jaguar Knight "Tabby" from  Palenque Carnival represents a jaguar, animal whose presence was definitely in pre-Hispanic culture of Mexico. Not exactly a carnival, but a celebration itself.










ORIGEN PREHISPÁNICO MEXICANO DE LOS TRATADOS DE [1]PAZ



Una breve semblanza, que no un estudio jurídico del derecho precortesiano, nos permite afirmar que el pueblo azteca, ciertamente contaba con un sistema jurídico y que se conoce de diferentes fuentes como lo son, por ejemplo, el Códice Mendocino cuyo nombre se debe a que fue realizado por órdenes del virrey Mendoza y por intelectuales indígenas, donde se realiza una crónica anual de los aztecas desde el año 1325, de la biografía de Moctezuma II, y de datos de derecho penal, procesal y más.

 La ausencia de los códices precortesianos es debida a que el clero hizo quemar muchos de ellos que consideraba documentos paganos. No citamos más fuentes porque sería prolijo hacerlo, pero bástenos con saber que de esa información, es decir, que dentro del sistema jurídico azteca, la guerra se encontraba reglamentada en forma consuetudinaria.

 Así, por ejemplo, los ataques por sorpresa al enemigo estaban prohibidos y una declaración de guerra la tenía que hacer el emperador y en ocasiones consultando previamente a los guerreros ancianos.

Esta declaración de guerra se hacía a través de tres notificaciones a intervalos de 20 días cada una donde se daba la opción al enemigo de pagar tributos al emperador, de recibir un dios azteca en su templo y mandar soldados en caso de guerra, entre otras condiciones, a cambio de aceptar los riesgos y peligros de un conflicto bélico con los aztecas.

 Estas circunstancias impulsaron la celebración de tratados internacionales en los que ambas partes se obligaban a hacerse periódicamente una “Guerra Florida“ o en lenguaje Náhuatl: Xochiyáyotl que vienen a ser lo que hoy día se conoce como la antítesis de los tratados de paz.










ENGLISH TEXT


PREHISPANIC MEXICAN ORIGIN OF PEACE TREATY[2]



A brief biographical sketch, not a legal study of pre-Conquest law, allows say that the Aztec people, certainly had a legal system which is known from various sources such as , for example, the Codex Mendoza, whose name is due to was conducted by order of the Viceroy Mendoza and indigenous intellectuals, in an annual chronicle of the Aztecs  from the year 1325, to the biography of Moctezuma II , and criminal data , and procedural law. The absence of pre-Conquest codices is due to the clergy did burn many documents considereded heathens .

 No cite more sources because doing so would be tedious, but suffice it to know that information, ie, that within the Aztec legal system, the war was regulated as customary law.

 So, for example, the attacks to enemy by surprise were banned. The Emperor had to do previously a declaration of war and sometimes consulting previously too at the elderly warriors.

 This declaration of war was made through three notifications at intervals of 20 days each one of them, option where the enemy will pay taxes to the emperor, receiving an Aztec god in his temple and send troops in case of war, among other conditions gave, in exchange for accepting the risks and dangers of a war with the Aztecs .

 These circumstances prompted the conclusion of international treaties to which both parties made ​​periodically forced a “ Florida War " or  in Nahuatl language : Xochiyáyotl that come to be what is known today as the antithesis of moderns peace treaties .



























[1] Article by Ricardo Palma Herrera.

                                                                     [2] Article by Ricardo Palma Herrera



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